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2016
08-02

zabbix自动添加删除主机的python脚本

python写的zabbix自动添加和删除主机的脚本,原理是模拟登陆zabbix web页面中添加、删除主机的操作。如果你是添加或是删除多台主机的话可以写个脚本循环或是多线程来调用此脚本删除添加即可。

#!/usr/bin/env python  
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-  
#zabbix的自动发现功能有时由于网络等原因自动添加主机比较慢  
#或者不能添加地址段内所有的主机,基于此,写此脚本根据单IP  
#和单IP应用来添加删除主机。  
#在zabbix2.0.3/4上测试通过  
 
import re,urllib,urllib2,cookielib  
import MySQLdb  
 
zabbix_server = '192.168.1.2' 
 
class web_form:  
    post_data=""#登陆提交的参数  
    def __init__(self):  
        '''''初始化类,并建立cookies值''' 
        cj = cookielib.CookieJar()  
        opener = urllib2.build_opener(urllib2.HTTPCookieProcessor(cj))  
        opener.addheaders = [('User-agent', 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; WOW64; rv:19.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/19.0')]  
        urllib2.install_opener(opener)  
 
    def login(self,loginurl):  
        '''''模拟登陆,获取认证的后的session''' 
        req = urllib2.Request(loginurl,self.post_data)  
        _response = urllib2.urlopen(req)  
        for i in str(_response.info()).split('\n'):  
            if 'Set-Cookie' in i:  
                sid = i.split("=")[1].split(";")[0][16:]  
                break 
        _d=_response.read()  
        return _d,sid  
 
    def getpagehtml(self,pageurl):  
        '''''获取目标网站任意一个页面的html代码''' 
        req2=urllib2.Request(pageurl,self.post_data)  
        _response2=urllib2.urlopen(req2)  
        status = _response2.code  
        _d2=_response2.read()  
        return _d2  
 
def center(sql):  
    try:  
        center_ip = zabbix_server  
        center_user = 'root' 
        center_passwd = '123456789' 
        conn = MySQLdb.connect(host = center_ip,user = center_user,passwd = center_passwd,connect_timeout=10)  
        cursor = conn.cursor()   
        cursor.execute(sql)  
        alldata = cursor.fetchall()  
        cursor.close()  
        conn.close()  
        return alldata  
    except Exception,e:  
        return '0' 
 
def operation(action,hostip,post_dirc):  
    boss = web_form()  
    #参递一个post参数  
    url = "http://%s/zabbix" % zabbix_server  
    boss.post_data = urllib.urlencode({"autologin":"1","enter":"Sign in","name":"admin","password":"zabbix"})  
    login,sid = boss.login("%s/index.php" % url)#首先登陆zabbix,获取认证的sid  
    if action == 'add':#添加主机  
        sql = "SELECT hostid FROM zabbix.hosts WHERE host='%s'" % hostip  
        hostid = center(sql)  
        if len(hostid) != 0:  
            print "Server %s is already in zabbix status !" % hostip  
        else:  
            post_form = {'form':'创建主机','form_refresh':'2','host':hostip,'interfaces[1][dns]':'','interfaces[1][interfaceid]':'1','interfaces[1][ip]':hostip,'interfaces[1][isNew]':'true','interfaces[1][port]':'10050','interfaces[1][type]':'1','interfaces[1][useip]':'1','inventory_mode':'-1','ipmi_authtype':'-1','ipmi_password':'','ipmi_privilege':'2','ipmi_username':'','macros[0][macro]':'','macros[0][value]':'','mainInterfaces[1]':'1','newgroup':'','proxy_hostid':'0','save':'存档','sid':sid,'status':'0','visiblename':hostip}  
            post_form = dict(post_form,**post_dirc)  
            boss.post_data=urllib.urlencode(post_form)  
            add_host = boss.getpagehtml("%s/hosts.php" % url)  
            sql = "SELECT hostid FROM zabbix.hosts WHERE host='%s'" % hostip  
            hostid = center(sql)  
            if len(hostid) != 0:  
                print "Add %s in zabbix success !" % hostip  
            else:  
                print "Add %s in zabbix failure !" % hostip  
    elif action == 'del':#删除主机  
        sql = "SELECT hostid FROM zabbix.hosts WHERE host='%s'" % hostip  
        hostid = center(sql)#从zabbix服务器端数据库取出要删除ip的hostid号  
        if len(hostid) != 0:  
            hostid = hostid[0][0]  
            a = 'hosts[%s]' % hostid  
            boss.post_data=urllib.urlencode({'form_refresh':'1','go':'delete','goButton':'确认 (1)',a:hostid,'sid':sid})  
            del_host = boss.getpagehtml("%s/hosts.php" % url)  
            hostid = center(sql)  
            sql = "SELECT hostid FROM zabbix.hosts WHERE host='%s'" % hostip  
            if len(hostid) != 0:  
                print "Delete %s from zabbix failure !" % hostip  
            else:  
                print "Delete %s from zabbix success !" % hostip  
        else:  
            print "Server %s not in zabbix status !" % hostip  
 
def main(block,action,hostip):#根据IP的应用,确定需要添加到zabbix中的组和需要应用的模板  
    if block == "adb" or block == "ldb" or block == "ccs":  
        sql = "SELECT groupid,name FROM zabbix.groups WHERE name IN ('WD_ADB_LDB','Linux servers')" 
        groupdata = center(sql)  
        sql = "SELECT hostid,HOST FROM zabbix.hosts WHERE HOST IN ('linux_Server','MySQL_status','Linux_disk_io')" 
        templates = center(sql)  
    elif "_s" in block:  
        sql = "SELECT groupid,name FROM zabbix.groups WHERE name IN ('Linux servers','WD_SLAVE')" 
        groupdata = center(sql)  
        sql = "SELECT hostid,HOST FROM zabbix.hosts WHERE HOST IN ('linux_Server','MySQL_status','Slave_Status','Linux_disk_io')" 
        templates = center(sql)  
    else:  
        sql = "SELECT groupid,name FROM zabbix.groups WHERE name IN ('Linux servers','WD_GS')" 
        groupdata = center(sql)  
        sql = "SELECT hostid,HOST FROM zabbix.hosts WHERE HOST IN ('linux_Server','Linux_disk_io')" 
        templates = center(sql)  
    templatesdirc = {}  
    groupdirc = {}  
    for i in groupdata:  
        groups = 'groups[%s]' % str(i[0])  
        groupdirc[groups] = str(i[0])  
    for i in templates:  
        groups = 'templates[%s]' % str(i[0])  
        templatesdirc[groups] = str(i[1])  
    post_dirc = dict(groupdirc,**templatesdirc)  
    operation(action,hostip,post_dirc)  
 
if __name__=="__main__":  
    block = 'adb_s' 
    hostip = '6.6.6.6' 
    action = 'add' 
    action = 'del' 
    main(block,action,hostip)
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作者:saunix
大型互联网公司linux系统运维攻城狮,专门担当消防员

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