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2015
12-15

CentOS安装GitLab

原来就安装个一次,后来没用那机器就费了
今天打算重新弄台安装下,安装以前的文档安装发现很多包的版本都安装不上了
就重新弄了个版本的安装

# ruby -v
ruby 2.1.5p273 (2014-11-13 revision 48405) [x86_64-linux]
 
# git --version
git version 2.7.0-rc0
 
# gem -v
2.2.2

yum源

为了提高软件安装速度,将yum源设置为阿里云开源镜像

$ cd /etc/yum.repos.d
$ wget -O CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-6.repo

必要软件包

$ yum -y install libicu-devel patch gcc-c++ readline-devel zlib-devel libffi-devel openssl-devel make autoconf automake libtool bison libxml2-devel libxslt-devel libyaml-devel zlib-devel openssl-devel cpio expat-devel gettext-devel curl-devel perl-ExtUtils-CBuilder perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker

安装Git

// 查看当前git版本
$ git –version

// 如果小于1.7.10则先卸载
$ yum remove git

// 下载最新的git并安装

$ wget -O git-src.zip https://github.com/git/git/archive/master.zip
$ unzip git-src.zip
$ cd git-src
$ make prefix=/usr/local all
$ make prefix=/usr/local install
$ ln -fs /usr/local/bin/git* /usr/bin/

安装Ruby环境

$ mkdir /tmp/ruby && cd /tmp/ruby
$ curl --progress ftp://ftp.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/ruby-2.1.5.tar.gz | tar xz
$ cd ruby-2.1.5
$ ./configure --disable-install-rdoc
$ make && make install
 
$ ln -s /usr/local/bin/ruby /usr/bin/ruby
$ ln -s /usr/local/bin/gem /usr/bin/gem
$ ln -s /usr/local/bin/bundle /usr/bin/bundle
 
// 设置ruby gem源为淘宝
$ gem source -r https://rubygems.org/
$ gem source -a https://ruby.taobao.org/
#  gem source -l
*** CURRENT SOURCES ***
https://ruby.taobao.org/
 
$ gem install bundler --no-ri --no-rdoc
 
安装MySQL及初始化GitLab库
 
$ yum install mysql mysql-devel mysql-server -y
$ /etc/init.d/mysqld start
$ chkconfig mysqld on

// 登录mysql创建gitab的帐号和数据库

mysql> CREATE USER 'gitlab'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'gitlab';
mysql> CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS `gitlabhq_production` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET `utf8` COLLATE `utf8_unicode_ci`;
mysql> GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, INDEX, ALTER ON `gitlabhq_production`.* TO 'gitlab'@'localhost';

//测试是否可以用git帐号登录数据库

sudo -u git -H mysql -u gitlab -p -D gitlabhq_production

安装Redis

$ yum -y install redis
$ /etc/init.d/redis start
$ chkconfig redis on
添加git帐号并允许sudo
 
$ useradd --comment 'GitLab' git
$ echo "git ALL=(ALL)       NOPASSWD: ALL" >>/etc/sudoers
安装GitLab
 
安装 GitLab-shell 新版本使用GitLab-shell来代替gitolite
# Login as git
su git
 
# Go to home directory
cd /home/git
 
# Clone gitlab shell
git clone https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlab-shell.git
 
cd gitlab-shell
 
# switch to right version
git checkout v1.4.0
 
cp config.yml.example config.yml
vim config.yml
# Edit config and replace gitlab_url
# with something like 'http://domain.com/'
# 这里修改成自己的内部域名 如: gitlab_url: "http://gitlab.8.cn:8080/"
 
 
# Do setup
./bin/install

开始安装GitLab主程序

cd /home/git
 
# Clone GitLab repository
git clone https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq.git gitlab
这速度不是一点点慢,实在是受不了直接clone在美国的服务器上后打包再拉过来的
#scp 38.83.109.5:/tmp/gitlab.tar.gz .
#tar xvf gitlab.tar.gz
 
# Go to gitlab dir
cd /home/git/gitlab
 
# Checkout to stable release
git checkout 5-2-stable
gem install charlock_holmes --version '0.6.9.4'

配置GitLab

# Copy the example GitLab config
cp config/gitlab.yml.example config/gitlab.yml
 
# Make sure to change "localhost" to the fully-qualified domain name of your
# host serving GitLab where necessary
# 这里仅需要修改host即可, 默认可行
 
vim config/gitlab.yml
host: 192.168.44.100
# Make sure GitLab can write to the log/ and tmp/ directories

// 给文件夹添加相应的权限

cd /home/git/gitlab
$ chown -R git log/
$ chown -R git tmp/
$ chmod -R u+rwX  log/
$ chmod -R u+rwX  tmp/
 
// 创建必要的文件夹,以及复制配置文件
$ sudo -u git -H mkdir /home/git/gitlab-satellites
$ sudo -u git -H mkdir tmp/pids/
$ sudo -u git -H mkdir tmp/sockets/
$ sudo chmod -R u+rwX  tmp/pids/
$ sudo chmod -R u+rwX  tmp/sockets/
$ sudo -u git -H mkdir public/uploads
$ sudo chmod -R u+rwX  public/uploads
$ sudo -u git -H cp config/unicorn.rb.example config/unicorn.rb
$ sudo -u git -H cp config/initializers/rack_attack.rb.example
 config/initializers/rack_attack.rb
 
// 配置数据库连接信息
$ sudo -u git cp config/database.yml.mysql config/database.yml
$ sudo -u git -H vim  config/database.yml
$ vim config/database.yml
// production:
//     username: gitlab
//     password: "gitlab"
安装GitLab-Shell
 
$ cd /home/git
$ sudo -u git -H git clone https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-shell.git -b v2.6.0
$ cd gitlab-shell/
$ sudo -u git -H cp config.yml.example config.yml
 
// 编辑配置文件, 设置gitlab_url, redis-cli, log-level...
$ vim config.yml
// gitlab_url: "http://gitlab.8.cn:8080/"
// /usr/bin/redis-cli
 
// 安装git-shell
$ sudo -u git -H ./bin/install
安装需要ruby的gems
 
$ cd /home/git/gitlab
# 修改Bundle源地址为taobao, 首行改成 source 'http://ruby.taobao.org/'
vim Gemfile
$ sudo -u git -H bundle install --deployment --without development test postgres aws
初始化数据库(创建GitLab相关表)
 
$ sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:setup RAILS_ENV=production
安装启动文件以及日志切割文件
 
cp lib/support/init.d/gitlab /etc/init.d/gitlab
cp lib/support/init.d/gitlab.default.example /etc/default/gitlab
cp lib/support/logrotate/gitlab /etc/logrotate.d/gitlab
设置git帐号信息
 
$ sudo -u git -H git config --global user.name "Troy Zhang"
$ sudo -u git -H git config --global user.email "troyz@synnex.com"
$ sudo -u git -H git config --global core.autocrlf input

安装Nginx

$ yum -y install nginx
$ vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
user              root git;
worker_processes  2;
pid        /var/run/nginx.pid;
 
events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}
 
http {
    include       /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
 
    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
# GITLAB
# Maintainer: @randx
# App Version: 5.0
 
upstream gitlab {
  server unix:/home/git/gitlab/tmp/sockets/gitlab.socket;
}
 
server {
  listen *:80 default_server;         # e.g., listen 192.168.1.1:80; In most cases *:80 is a good idea
  server_name YOUR_SERVER_FQDN;     # e.g., server_name source.example.com;
  server_tokens off;     # don't show the version number, a security best practice
  root /home/git/gitlab/public;
 
  # Set value of client_max_body_size to at least the value of git.max_size in gitlab.yml
  client_max_body_size 5m;
 
  # individual nginx logs for this gitlab vhost
  access_log  /var/log/nginx/gitlab_access.log;
  error_log   /var/log/nginx/gitlab_error.log;
 
  location / {
    # serve static files from defined root folder;.
    # @gitlab is a named location for the upstream fallback, see below
    try_files $uri $uri/index.html $uri.html @gitlab;
  }
 
  # if a file, which is not found in the root folder is requested,
  # then the proxy pass the request to the upsteam (gitlab unicorn)
  location @gitlab {
    proxy_read_timeout 300; # https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq/issues/694
    proxy_connect_timeout 300; # https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq/issues/694
    proxy_redirect     off;
 
    proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
    proxy_set_header   Host              $http_host;
    proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP         $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For   $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
 
    proxy_pass http://gitlab;
  }
}
}

更改权限,启动nginx

$ nginx -t
$ chown -R git:git /var/lib/nginx/
$ /etc/init.d/nginx start

检测当前环境

sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:env:info RAILS_ENV=production
拉取gitlab静态资源文件
 
 
$ sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake assets:precompile RAILS_ENV=production
启动gitlab
 
$ /etc/init.d/gitlab start
检测各个组件是否正常工作
 
$ sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:check RAILS_ENV=production

检测各个组件的时候开始提示 app链接不上 /home/git/gitlab-shell 让我检查/home/git/gitlab-shell/config.yml

发下是里面的 gitlab_url: “http://gitlab.8.cn:8080/” 这里写的有问题 我的端口是8080 开始没有加上
所以链接不上

再有提示/var/run/redis/redis.sock 没有
因为默认的redis 启动就只有端口,得到配置/etc/redis.conf
开启 unixsocket /var/run/redis/redis.sock
还有把运行redis的用户改成git 不然是redis用户 git用户没权限读sock,
然后把nginx 的运行用户也换成git的 就可以直接用域名访问了

最后编辑:
作者:saunix
大型互联网公司linux系统运维攻城狮,专门担当消防员

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