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2015
09-14

Saltstack常用命令小结

Saltstack常用命令总结
查找目标minion的三种方式:

salt 'shell正则' 命令
salt -E 'prel 正则'
salt -N $group 命令
salt -L 'server_id1,server_id2,server_id3'  命令

根据bash glob来查找:salt ’*foo.com’ sys.doc
根据正则表达式来查找:salt -E ’.*’ cmd.run ’ls -l | grep foo’
根据hostname来查找:salt -L foo.bar.baz,quo.qux cmd.run ’ps aux | grep foo’
根据grains(机器各种信息)来查找:salt -G ’os:Redhat’ test.ping
综合以上几种模式混合查找:salt -C ’G@os:Debian and webser* or E@db.*’ test.ping
常见grains信息如下:

salt '*' grains.ls  查看grains分类
salt '*' grains.items 查看grains所有信息
salt '*' grains.item osrelease 查看grains某个信息
10.15.137.42:
  biosreleasedate: 03/07/2013
  biosversion: 1.6.0
  cpu_flags: fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx pdpe1gb rdtscp lm constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good xtopology nonstop_tsc aperfmperf pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx smx est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm dca sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic popcnt aes xsave avx lahf_lm ida arat xsaveopt pln pts dts tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid
  cpu_model: Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2670 0 @ 2.60GHz
  cpuarch: x86_64
  defaultencoding: UTF8
  defaultlanguage: en_US
  domain: localdomain
  fqdn: localhost.localdomain
  gpus:
      {'model': 'G200eR2', 'vendor': 'unknown'}
  host: localhost
  id: 10.15.137.42
  ip_interfaces: {'lo': ['127.0.0.1'], 'eth3': [], 'eth2': [], 'eth1': [], 'eth0': ['10.15.137.42']}
  ipv4:
      10.15.137.42
      127.0.0.1
  kernel: Linux
  kernelrelease: 2.6.32-279.el6.x86_64
  localhost: localhost.localdomain
  manufacturer: Dell Inc.
  master: 10.10.144.112
  mem_total: 193651
  nodename: localhost.localdomain
  num_cpus: 32
  num_gpus: 1
  os: RedHat
  os_family: RedHat
  osarch: x86_64
  oscodename: Santiago
  osfinger: Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server-6
  osfullname: Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server
  osmajorrelease:
      6
      3
  osrelease:6.3
  path: /sbin:/usr/sbin:/bin:/usr/bin
  productname: PowerEdge R720
  ps: ps -efH
  pythonpath:
      /usr/bin
      /usr/lib64/python26.zip
      /usr/lib64/python2.6
      /usr/lib64/python2.6/plat-linux2
      /usr/lib64/python2.6/lib-tk
      /usr/lib64/python2.6/lib-old
      /usr/lib64/python2.6/lib-dynload
      /usr/lib64/python2.6/site-packages
      /usr/lib64/python2.6/site-packages/gtk-2.0
      /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages
      /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/setuptools-0.6c11-py2.6.egg-info
  pythonversion: 2.6.6.final.0
  saltpath: /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/salt
  saltversion: 0.16.4
  serialnumber: C786BX1
  server_id: 489250112
  shell: /bin/sh
  virtual: physical
最后编辑:
作者:saunix
大型互联网公司linux系统运维攻城狮,专门担当消防员

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